Basics of honey

honey bee

Honey is a pure natural product, its raw materials collected from plants and processed by bees - nothing is added or removed.

Bees produce honey from nectar and honeydew. Nectar is a liquid secreted by plants, and honeydew is a liquid produced by insects feeding on plant sap. Nectar and honeydew contain sugars, water and many trace elements. Bees add their saliva, enzymes and glandular secretions to the nectar. The enzyme invertase converts the nectar's sucrose to glucose and fructose, increasing the nectar's sugar content. The bees are thus able to produce a very strong sugar solution, which contains only 18% water.

The composition of honey is affected by all the plants from which the bees have collected nectar or pollen, which can result in honeys that are light or dark, with a wide variety of crystal compositions and a huge spectrum of flavours. Even honey from the same hive and collected from the same area will vary from summer to summer depending on the rhythm of the blooming of flowers and whether good weather conditions allow the bees to fly out into the flower fields.

 
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